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This is the second edition of this unique illustrated guide designed to assist in the prevention of personal injury onboard ship. Following the implementation of the International Safety Management Code, safety policy must be at the forefront of shipowners’ and seafarers’ minds.
It is hoped that this guide will help promote good practice onboard ship and thus injury prevention. The guide is illustrated with cartoon characters. The use of a little humour, in what is a very serious topic, will help differentiate the rights and wrongs of working practices at sea.
PERSONAL INJURY AND THE ROLE OF LOSS PREVENTION
Accidents and their causes
ISM Code requirements
How to use this guide
Basic safety equipment, training and developing the safety ethos
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Goggles and eye protection
Additional personal protective equipment
SHIPBOARD SAFETY MANAGEMENT
Shipboard safety committee
Shipboard safety officer
Daily work planning meetings
Weekly work planning meetings
WORK PLANNING AND PROCEDURES
Job allocation and equipment requirements
Detailed job procedures
Permit to work systems
Example of permit to work situation
WORKSHOP PRACTICES – USING MACHINE AND HAND TOOLS
Training and maintenance
Hand held power tools
Encouraging good housekeeping
Unmanned machinery spaces
Electrical equipment isolation procedures
Responding to electric shock
Personal electrical equipment
HANDLING SHIPBOARD CHEMICALS
Sources of information for shipboard chemicals
Control of shipboard chemicals
Pollution incidents and fires involving chemicals
GALLEYS – CATERING AND PERSONAL HYGIENE
Injuries involving sharp objects
Galley slips and falls
Galley equipment and clothing
LIFTING AND LIFTING APPLIANCES
Lifting using mechanical means
Lifting equipment register and certification
Safe working load
Effect of trim and heel
FIRE – PRECAUTIONS, DRILLS AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Welding / hot work
Oil leaks and spills
Fire drills and exercises
Fire – emergency response
WELDING AND BURNING (HOT WORK)
Personal protective equipment
Electric arc welding
Gas welding, burning and flame cutting
ACCESS, TRANSIT AND DISEMBARKING
Access to and from the ship
Transit around the ship
Preventing slips and falls
ENTRY INTO ENCLOSED SPACES
What is an enclosed space?
MOORING AND ANCHORING OPERATIONS
Taking a tug
CARGO WORK – HOLDS, HATCHES AND TANKS
Maintaining safe practice
Operating hatch covers
Potentially dangerous cargoes
OTHER AREAS NOT SPECIFICALLY COVERED
Dealing with an incident
CASE STUDIES – PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS
Personal protective equipment
Work on electrical equipment
Welding and burning (hot work)
Entry into enclosed spaces
Cargo work - holds, hatches and tanks
A SAFE COURSE AHEAD
In many shipping companies, shipboard safety has improved greatly over the past few years. With the implementation of the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, safety awareness programmes, the routine use of safety equipment, safety training and generally the development of a safety culture have made ships safer places to live and work. However, far too many incidents, accidents, injuries and claims are still occurring.
ACCIDENTS AND THEIR CAUSES
Clearly, such accidents lead to considerable suffering on the part of the individuals involved – and their families. They also lead to insurance claims which are a drain on the already over stretched ship owner’s financial resources of shipowners.
The apparent cause of personal injuries is frequently attributed to ‘human error’. The true cause is often complex and involves many issues. It is the seafarers themselves, with guidance and support from the ship owner, safety advisers and legislation, who are best placed to investigate and analyse the causative factors which led to an accident. They can then implement corrective action in an effort to ensure that similar incidents do not happen again and generally assist in the reduction of personal injuries.
ISM CODE REQUIREMENTS
Under the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, all shipping companies are required to develop a safety and environmental policy as detailed in Section 1.4 of the Code – Functional requirements for a safety management system. The Code, which is an International Maritime Organization (IMO) resolution, has been incorporated as Chapter IX of the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention and is mandatory for almost all commercial ships around the world.
Section 7 of the Code requires the Company to establish procedures, plans and instructions, including checklists as appropriate, for key shipboard operations concerning the safety of the ship. This sits alongside Section 8 which requires the Company to identify potential emergency shipboard operations and establish procedures to respond to them. This guide is not intended to fulfill those requirements in their entirety but provide a valuable complement to a ship owner’s own procedures. The manuals and procedures of each individual company Safety Management System must take precedence.
One of the listed objectives of the ISM Code is to:
‘Provide for safe practices in ship operation and a safe working environment’.
HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE
This guide details a range of safe practices which, if adopted on board ship, will help reduce the high number of accidents and injuries experienced by many seafarers. In essence, what must be developed is a safety culture. Safety and accident prevention is really a four stage process. It is necessary to:
Identify the problem.
Provide all personnel with basic training and basic personal protective equipment.
Develop a safety culture – where safety becomes a priority consideration.
Develop accident, incident and near miss reporting systems.
BASIC SAFETY EQUIPMENT, TRAINING AND DEVELOPING THE SAFETY ETHOS
It is vital that all seafarers are provided with, and are trained in the proper use of, the correct safety equipment and personal protective equipment (PPE). This guide book attempts to identify that equipment and provide guidance on its use and the circumstances in which it should be used. Once the equipment has been provided, and seafarers know how it should be correctly used, the next step is to develop the ‘safety culture’. It is not enough to allow the management of safety to stop there – all involved must be motivated to put into practice what they have learned and to always use the correct PPE.
If they do not already do so, ship owners may wish to consider the appointment of a shore-based safety advisor who can visit ships providing advice on safety topics. During such visits the safety advisor will be able to gain an impression of the safety awareness situation on board ship and the degree to which the safety culture has been developed. The opportunity may also be taken to provide safety training of sea staff within the context of the Safety Management System.
This guide is intended as an additional weapon in the fight against accidents – particularly personal injuries. It is not intended as an alternative to thorough training. The competency of seafarers to correctly use safety equipment and to be fully aware of on board safety procedures is of paramount importance. With the common goal of reducing the cost of personal injury in both human and financial terms, everyone has a responsibility and a role to play.
This obviously includes you – the reader!
Title: Personal Injury Prevention: A Guide to Good Practice (Second Edition)
Number of Pages: 86
Product Code: WS1713K
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-0-9542012-7-2 (9780954201272), ISBN 10: 0-9542012-7-2 (0954201272)
Published Date: August 2019
Weight: 0.50 kg
Author: The North of England P&I Association Ltd