product_type Book
Fully Refrigerated LPG Carriers


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Fully Refrigerated LPG Carriers

Covers the development of the Liquefied Petroleum Gas Carrier from the 1st fully refrigerated ships through to the modern ships currently in service.

This publication is a full account of the design and development of the fully refrigerated LPG carrier.

Over 100 drawings and 150 photographs are included with technical details of all of the fully refrigerated LPG carriers that have been built or converted.

In his conclusion, the author presents a new FRLPG carrier design concept known as the 'Ptarmigan'. The 8 appendices include: a delivery chronology, dimensions, capacities, shipbuilder's reference lists and the name changes of all of the LPG carriers featured.


1. Virtual on Board Inspections
2. French Refrigeration Breakthrough
3. Japanese Pioneers Bridgestone and Mitsubishi
4. First Refrigerated LPG from Ras Tanura Terminal
5. Secondary Barrier Side Hull from A G Weser
6. Conversion and New Buildings from Hitachi Zosen
7. European First from Kockums
8. Verolme Pair for the Ammonia Trade
9. Home Town Shipyard Hawthorn Leslie
10. LPG and LNG Technologies Intertwined at IHI
11. Moss Vaerft and Dokk
12. Scottish Ammonia Carrier Conversion
13. Single Invar LPG Membrane from CNIM
14. Spanish First from Euskalduna
15. Single FRLPG Carrier from Kiel
16. Conversions and Combined Carriers from the USA
17. Semi-Membrane Kasmet from Kawasaki
18. Thyssen Nordseewerke Four for P&O
19. Large and Small from Italy
20. Boelwerf’s Entrepreneurial Audacity
21. French Connection for NKK
22. Scottish Roots for Hyundai Plants
23. Pioneering French Connection at Daewoo
24. New Fully Refrigerated LPG Carrier Design Concept – Ptarmigan


1. Delivery Chronology
2. Original Names
3. Current Names
4. Capacity
5. Lead Ship Dimensions
6. Shipbuilders
7. Previous Names
8. Name ChangesX