Vessels sailing under the Papau New Guniea Country Flag are required to have on board this flag as part of flag state requirements that derive from maritime regulations in the International Code of Signals and the International Safety Management (ISM) Code. These codes are published by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as an ongoing effort to reinforce maritime safety procedures and communications to the international maritime community. Fleet management companies and ship owners are responsible to ensure that each vessel in their respective fleets have the appropriate flag signage onboard to be in compliance. This flag is used to identify the flag state a vessel is sailing under and to communicate with other vessels under the provisions of the International Code of Signals.
The Papau New Guniea Country Flag is identified by it's bicolor design, with a black colored half and a red colored half. The two are split diagonally from the upper hoist, or left corner to the lower fly, or right corner, the red portion forward at the top and the black portion toward the hoist side at the bottom. A yellow bird of paradise in full flight dominates the center of the red portion. The black portion is decorated with five white, five pointed stars. These stars represent the Southern Cross, with three equally sized stars in a semicircle above a smaller star residing under the star to the right and another star similarly sized to the three atop residing below the smaller star and positioned under the central star atop. The bird in flight represents freedom and independence for the people of this region. The representation of the Southern Cross designates the country's geographical location, paying tribute to it's relationship with Australia. The Flag was adopted in 1971 and is proportioned at 3:4, height to length.
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