Vessels sailing under the Montenegro country flag are required to have on board this flag as part of flag state requirements that derive from maritime regulations in the International Code of Signals and the International Safety Management (ISM) Code. These codes are published by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as an ongoing effort to reinforce maritime safety procedures and communications to the international maritime community. Fleet management companies and ship owners are responsible to ensure that each vessel in their respective fleets have the appropriate flag signage onboard to be in compliance. This flag is used to identify the flag state a vessel is sailing under and to communicate with other vessels under the provisions of the International Code of Signals.
The flag of Montenegro is composed of a red leaf framed by a gold trimming which has a width of 1/20 height of the flag. The aspect ratio of 1: 3 forms unusually elongated shape of the flag. In the center of the flag, a national emblem is placed. It depicts a golden double-headed eagle holding a golden scepter in the right claw and a blue-green orb with a golden cross in the left claw. The eagle bears a blue shield with a gold lion on a green lawn on his chest and a crown is erected above his head. The flag resembles an emblem of a family Petrovic and it was officially adopted in 2006, when the Montenegrin population decided in referendum to split up from Serbia and to create an independent state.
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