Vessels sailing under the India Country Flag are required to have on board this flag as part of flag state requirements that derive from maritime regulations in the International Code of Signals and the International Safety Management (ISM) Code. These codes are published by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as an ongoing effort to reinforce maritime safety procedures and communications to the international maritime community. Fleet management companies and ship owners are responsible to ensure that each vessel in their respective fleets have the appropriate flag signage onboard to be in compliance. This flag is used to identify the flag state a vessel is sailing under and to communicate with other vessels under the provisions of the International Code of Signals.
The India Country Flag is distinguished by it's three, equally proportioned horizontal stripes. These are colored saffron, white and green from top to bottom. A circular design is depicted in the center of the flag, squarely set in the white stripe. The design is known as the Ashoka Chakra, which translates to the English language as "Wheel Of Law". It consists of the outer circle colored in blue, with 24 blue radiating spokes inside of it and a solid blue core. The design rests in a white background. This symbol historically represents the Eternal Wheel Of Progress that is prominently displayed in Ashoka's Lion Capital from Sarnath and other places throughout the region. The symbol, as well as the Flag bear great philosophical importance to the people of India. It is directly derived from the Sanscrit word Dharma Chakra, meaning wheel. The India Country Flag was officially adopted in 1947. It is proportioned in a ratio of 2:3, height to length, respectively. Saffron symbolizes valor, white represents purity and green relates to fertility.
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