Guide to Contingency Planning for Marine Terminals Handling Liquefied Gases in Bulk

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SKU 9781856092159
Publisher Witherby Seamanship International
ISBN 9781856092159
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This book specifically deals with the safe storage and transfer of liquefied gases at marine terminals. It can also be adapted to be used at a terminal that handles any hazardous substance in bulk. It provides terminal management with guidance on contingency planning, including identifying and controlling potential hazards, controlling incidents and the review periods.

The 1st Edition of this guide was originally prepared in 1989 by a joint industry working group made up of members of OCIMF, ICS and SIGTTO. The document has been revised and extended to include 'Guidelines for Preparing and Co-ordinating a Major Ship/Shore Emergency Exercise' and was published by SIGTTO in 1994. This was the third guide in a series. The first was 'Contingency Planning for the Gas Carrier at Sea and in Port Approaches', first published in 1983 and updated in 1998. The second in the series was 'Contingency Planning for the Gas Carrier Alongside and Within Port Limits' published in 1987 and updated in 1998.

A joint action between the IMO and the Environment Office of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP IE) in 1996 adapted an existing process, 'Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL)' to port areas. The APELL process was developed as a response to various industrial accidents that have had a detrimental effect on the environment.

The main APELL recommendations for port areas that are included in this publication are the Seveso II Directive (Control of Major Accident Hazard Regulations (COMAH) in the UK) which is applicable to all sites where dangerous substances are located. On and off site emergency plans must be available at sites within the EU where this directive is applicable.

This guide is not a code of practice or intended to cover all types of major industrial accident. The local and national legislation should always be considered when using the guide.



1. Prevention of Major Accidents

Safety management systems

Identification of potential hazards

Control of potential hazards

Safety auditing

2. Emergency Planning

On-site emergency plan

Emergency response manuals

Emergency services and off-site emergency plans

Interaction and liaison between emergency services

Mutual aid schemes

Public relations

Periodic reviews

3. Incident Control

Activation of the marine terminal emergency plan

Establishing incident control

Role of key personnel during an incident


Termination of incident

4. Incident Follow-Up

Incident investigation

Reporting and lessons learned

Re-commissioning of plant after a major incident

5. The Organisation of a Major Emergency Exercise

Creating an exercise culture

Exercise constraints

Defining exerciseobjectives

Exercise planning

Starting an exercise

Exercise levels


Illustration of Typical Emergency Plan Contents List

International Regulations and Guidelines




Philosophy and general approach

APELL for port areas

Saveso Directives:



Title: A Guide to Contingency Planning for Marine Terminals Handling Liquefied Gases in Bulk, 2nd Edition
Edition: Second
Number of Pages: 42
Product Code: 4400W018
ISBN: ISBN 13: 978-1-85609-215-9 (9781856092159), ISBN 10: 1-85609-215-1 (1856092151)
Published Date: October 2001
Binding Format: Paperback
Book Height: 230 mm
Book Width: 210 mm
Book Spine: 5 mm
Weight: 0.30 kg
Author: SIGTTO

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