Vessels sailing under the Ghana Country Flag are required to have on board this flag as part of flag state requirements that derive from maritime regulations in the International Code of Signals and the International Safety Management (ISM) Code. These codes are published by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as an ongoing effort to reinforce maritime safety procedures and communications to the international maritime community. Fleet management companies and ship owners are responsible to ensure that each vessel in their respective fleets have the appropriate flag signage onboard to be in compliance. This flag is used to identify the flag state a vessel is sailing under and to communicate with other vessels under the provisions of the International Code of Signals.
The Ghana Country Flag, adopted in 1957 is represented by three equally proportioned horizontal stripes of red, yellow and green from top to bottom. A black, five pointed star rests in the center of the yellow stripe and of the flag. The red stripe represents the blood of those who died in the struggle for independence, while the yellow describes the mineral riches Ghana enjoys. The green stripe references the natural wealth of forested land that defines much of the country. The Lodestar of African Freedom appears as the central black star. The Flag is designated to hold proportions at a ratio of 2:3, height to length, respectively.
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