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Safety and Health at Sea: A Practical Manual for Seafarers


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Safety and Health at Sea: A Practical Manual for Seafarers

The safety and health of seafarers is protected by an impressive framework of conventions and legislation: the IMO's International Safety Management Code, the ILO's Maritime Conventions, European Union Directives for Safety and Health at Work, and the legislation of maritime nations. This manual highlights the basic principles of the framework, helping seafarers to put them into practice.


The Authors

1 The Manual
2 The Contents
3 The Background
4 Accidents - Causes and Solutions
5 What Level of Improvement is Possible?

Section 1 Your Shipboard Safety System

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Responsibilities
1.1.1 The Master
1.1.2 The Safety Supervisor
1.1.3 Safety Representatives
1.1.4 The Safety Committee
1.2 Structure
1.2.1 Safety Representatives
1.2.2 The Safety Committee
1.2.3 Plans and Instructions
1.2.4 Public Display of Safety Information
1.3 Procedures
1.3.1 Risk Assessment
1.3.2 Safety Inspections
1.3.3 Permit to Work Systems
1.3.4 Drills
1.3.5 Accident and ‘Near Miss’ Investigations

Section 2 Tools for Improving Safety

2.0 Introduction
2.1 Accidents: Causes and Prevention
2.1.1 People
2.1.2 Activities
2.1.3 Prevention
2.2 A Safety Supervisor’s Job Description
2.3 Checklists
2.3.1 Ship Departure
2.3.2 Daily Inspection
2.3.3 Galley
2.3.4 Engine Room
2.3.5 Machinery
2.3.6 Living Accommodation
2.4 Accident Prevention
2.4.1 Slips and Falls
2.4.2 Ship Handling
2.4.3 Cargo Holds and Tanks
2.4.4 Engine Room
2.4.5 General Maintenance
2.4.6 Storage
2.4.7 Drills

Section 3 Health on Board

3.0 Introduction
3.1 A fit and Healthy Crew?
3.2 Be Prepared
3.2.1 Medical Supplies and Equipment
3.2.2 Medical Training
3.2.3 Requesting Assistance from Shore Based Medical Personnel
3.3 General Health Protection on Board
3.3.1 Manual Handling
3.3.2 Personal Protective Equipment
3.3.3 Stress
3.4 Hygiene
3.4.1 Cleanliness
3.4.2 Food
3.5 Substances Hazardous to Health
3.5.1 Solvents and Other Harmful Chemicals
3.5.2 Asbestos
3.6 Infectious Diseases and Malaria
3.6.1 Introduction
3.6.2 Vaccination
3.6.3 Diseases for Which Vaccines are Available
3.6.4 Diseases for Which no Vaccines are Available
3.6.5 Malaria

Section 4 Safety and Health Training

4.0 Introduction
4.1 Principles
4.1.1 The Legal Framework
4.1.2 Purpose and Motivation
4.1.3 Identifying Training Needs
4.1.4 Helping People to Learn
4.1.5 Training Methods
4.2 How to Plan, Run, Assess and Follow Up a Training Session
4.2.1 Preparation
4.2.2 Delivering a Training Session
4.2.3 Assessment and Follow Up
4.3 Basic Safety Training on Board
4.3.1 Shipboard Familiarisation
4.3.2 Safety Supervisors and Safety Officers
4.3.3 Safety Representatives and the Safety Committee
4.3.4 Officers and Ratings

Section 5 Reviewing Safety and Health on Board

5.0 Introduction
5.1 Organisation of Safety and Health on Board
5.1.1 Introduction
5.1.2 Questionnaire
5.2 A Summary of Responses to the Safety and Health Questionnaire

Section 6 The Human Factor

6.0 Safety Culture
6.0.1 What is ‘safety culture’?
6.0.2 Practical questions for Managers and Officers
6.1 Understanding Accidents
6.1.1 Introduction
6.1.2 The Safety Iceberg
6.1.3 Accidents – the Basic Causes
6.2 Human Behaviour

Relevant IMO and ILO Regulations the Structure of the ism Code the ism Code – Preamble
1 General
1.1 Definitions
1.2 Objectives
2 Safety and Environmental Protection Policy
3 Company Responsibilities and Authority
4 Designated Person(s)
5 Master’s Responsibility and Authority
6 Resources and Personnel
7 Development of Plans for Shipboard Operations
8 Emergency Preparedness
9 Reports and Analysis of Non-conformities, Accidents and Hazardous Occurrences
10 Maintenance of the Ship and Equipment
11 Documentation
12 Company Verification, Review and Evaluation
13 Certification, Verification and Control

The Stcw Convention and its Relationship to the ism Code
STCW and the ISM Code
ILO Minimum Standards Convention No. 147
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
Article 5
Article 6

Ilo Convention 178 Concerning the Inspection of Seafarers Working and Living Conditions (Excerpts)

Part I. Scope and definitions
Part II. Organization of inspection
Overview of the 4 Main eu Council Directives for Safety and Health at Work. These Apply to Ships Flying the Flag of eu ­Member States

The Main Framework Directive
Individual Directives
EU Standard for “Health and Safety Work in the Workplace” (eu Commission’s Article 118a)
Features of the EU Standard for Safety and Health at Work
Features of the EU Standard Related to Safety and Health TrainingX