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Emission Control Areas: Part 1 The Guide

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Emission Control Areas: Part 1 The Guide

Comprehensive strategic and operational know-how for shore based decision makers and personnel. In association with Lloyd’s Register.

» Fuel switching v scrubbers; decision making framework
» Full compliance requirements by region
» Vessel fuel switching considerations
» Key guidance points for trouble free switching
» Port by port guide to low sulphur suppliers

 

 

 

NOTE ON TERMINOLOGY  

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS  

01 EMISSION CONTROL AREAS – A KEY ELEMENT OF

MARPOL ANNEX V1

1.1 MARPOL ANNEX VI – AN INTRODUCTION

1.2 MARPOL ANNEX VI APPLICATION AND

OTHER CONTROL REQUIREMENTS

1.3 SULPHUR OXIDES (SOX) AND PARTICULATE MATTER (PM) EMISSION CONTROLS

(REGULATION 14)

1.4 FUEL OIL AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY (REGULATION 18)

Box 1 Information to be included in the

Bunker Delivery Note

Box 2 EU Sulphur Directive 2005/33/EC, amending 1999/32/EC

Box 3 California regulated waters  

02 EMISSION CONTROL AREAS IN DETAIL

2.1 HOW AND WHY ECAs ARE DESIGNATED

2.2 WHERE HAVE ECAs BEEN ESTABLISHED ALREADY?

2.3 WHERE ARE THE ECA COMPLIANCE OPTIONS?

2.3.1 Fuel oil ‘as loaded’

2.3.2 ‘Equivalents’

2.3.3 Summary of options

2.4 HOW ARE ECAs BEING ENFORCED?

2.5 COMPLIANCE RATES AND PENALTIES FOR

NON-COMPLIANCE

Box 4 Case Study – inspections by

the Netherlands

 

03 OPTIONS FOR COMPLIANCE

3.1 SELECTING THE BEST OPTION(S) FOR

VESSEL, ROUTE, FLEET, GEOGRAPHY AND OPERATOR STRATEGY

3.2 FUEL-SWITCHING

3.2.1 Fuel availability and cost

Box 5 Feature: Low-sulphur price outlook by

Purvin & Gertz

Box 6 Port of Gothenburg clean fuel incentives

3.3 LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS

3.3.1 What is LNG?

3.3.2 How is it priced?

3.3.3 Effect on engine room systems

3.3.4 Barriers to faster investment

3.3.5 Current status of the LNG fleet

3.4 EXHAUST GAS CLEANING SYSTEMS (EGCS)

3.4.1 Meeting emissions regulation requirements by EGCS

3.4.2 General requirements of the

EGCS Guidelines

3.4.3 EGCS documentation requirements

3.4.4 EGCS technologies

3.4.5 Challenges for EGCS as a compliance option

3.4.6 Return on investment  

04 PRACTICALITIES OF FUEL-SWITCHING

4.1 SHIP DESIGN ISSUES

4.1.1 Fuel storage

4.1.2 Pipes and pumps

4.2 OPERATIONAL ISSUES

4.2.1 Fuel oil change-over procedures

4.2.2 Change-over procedure outline

4.2.3 Change-over time calculations

4.2.4 Verification of change-over

CONSIDERATIONS WHEN SWITCHING TO

LOW-SULPHUR RESIDUAL FUEL OIL

4.3.1 Cylinder lubricating oil (CLO) selection for cross-head engines

4.3.2 Fuel compatibility

4.3.3 Ignition and combustion characteristics

4.3.4 Catalyst fines

4.4 CONSIDERATIONS WHEN SWITCHING

TO DISTILLATES

4.4.1 Rapid temperature changes

4.4.2 Distillate fuel temperature

4.4.3 Low fuel viscosity

4.4.4 Cleaning / searching action of distillates

4.4.5 Lubricity issues

4.4.6 Auxiliary boilers

4.5 CONTINUOUS OPERATION WITHIN ECAs

4.5.1 Engine lubricants

4.5.2 Bunkering – segregation

4.5.3 Fuel temperature control

4.5.4 Fuel system and engine components

Box 7 Summary – Suggested measures in

preparation for fuel-switching and

operating in a low-sulphur fuel area

 

PORT RECORDS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

References

Further reading